Posts Tagged ‘bybee’

The New Torture Memos

April 21, 2009

Last Thursday, the Obama Administration ended the internal dispute about the release of additional memos regarding enhanced interrogation techniques by making public lightly redacted versions of four Office of Legal Counsel memoranda, one issued in 2002, the other three in May of 2005.  Here is a highly selective summary of some of their more salient features. (more…)

The Hollow Men

March 3, 2009

For the better part of eight years, the Bush Administration employed distinctly muscular and macho imagery in connection with its theories of presidential power – think John Wayne or Clint Eastwood. But in its waning days the Administration’s legal theorists were reduced to a very different image: that of the diminutive and feckless Emily Litella of Saturday Night Live fame. Regarding those strident assertions of authority, “Nevermind.” Or maybe the better pop cultural reference is Dallas. Bobby Ewing did not actually die, the entire season in which he appeared to have gone to his reward was just a dream, and Bobby could return to the show. So it is that those opinions from John Yoo and Jay Bybee were just a bad dream, and it is safe for the rule of law to return. Or maybe it is the Wizard of Oz: “Ding dong, the wicked witch is dead.”

Whatever the reference, the revelation of the recent memoranda repudiating aspects of seven OLC opinions issued in the wake of the 9/11 attacks is stunning. I will leave discussion of the seven newly released opinions to another post. For now, I want to offer a few comments on the extraordinary memorandum (bearing the misleadingly banal caption: “Memorandum to the File”) that repudiates important components of the legal foundation for the Bush Administration’s theory of presidential power.

First, as far as I am aware, this Memorandum to the File is unprecedented. OLC occasionally reverses itself on a question. But I can think of no situation in which an Administration has gone back and repudiated its own analytical approach to an entire category of issues. This action speaks volumes as to just how deeply flawed those opinions were. There continue to be commentators who assert that opinions such as the infamous torture memo involve close calls over which reasonable lawyers may differ (a rant by Andrew McCarthy over the National Review Online provides a recent example). But the repudiating memo demonstrates that these opinions do not involve points of reasonable disagreement. Rather, they involve egregious and unjustifiable departures from accepted legal principles. The theories that guided the Bush Administration at least in 2001-2003 have been roundly rejected by commentators across the political spectrum, and now are repudiated by the very Administration and the very Office that had once issued them. It now seems beyond reasonable dispute that the theories espoused by OLC under the leadership of Jay Bybee and John Yoo were clearly wrong and unsupportable by reference to accepted legal principles. (more…)